Today is World Lupus Day, but many aren’t aware of this autoimmune disease which affects more than 1.5 million Americans every year. Lupus is unpredictable and shows different symptoms in different people. It is a form of chronic illness that affects many body parts, especially the lungs.
Lupus is an autoimmune disease that indicates that it affects the lungs. Lungs help fight all the germs, and in this disease, healthy immune that fights infections get attack anytime. This attack could lead to inflammation and pain everywhere in the patient’s body. And as the symptoms are different for everyone, they can go undetected and undiagnosed for several years.
“There is a lot about lupus that is still a conundrum to us,” said Dr. Karen H. Costenbader, a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and director of the Lupus Program in Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.
Lupus autoimmune disease is of four major types:
- systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
- lupus restricted to the skin
- lupus produced by some medicine drugs
- Rare Lupus that attacks children of women with the disease.
Doctors believe that symptoms of this disease make it difficult, and few medicines can reduce the effect. Patients can have fatigue, pain, swelling of joints, fevers, or damage in internal organs like lungs. One thing found in patients is discomfort and chronic pain. Researchers have found some cures through clinical trials, and the drug hydroxychloroquine works wonders for Lupus disease.
“It’s treatable, but it can still be very painful and challenging to overcome,” said Costenbader, who is also chair of the Lupus Foundation of America’s Medical-Scientific Advisory Council.
According to the studies, females are more likely to be affected by this disease. Nine out of ten women are easily affected by Lupus, and the age group estimated is between 15 to 44 years. Lupus is common among African Americans, Hispanics, Latinos, Asians, etc. The disease is not contagious, but it does to the family members who suffer from any autoimmune diseases.